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HR Selection Process

HR Selection Process
HR Selection Process and Techniques Following the process of recruitment is selection, where the management has to select the right employees at the right time. The intention is to choose appropriate candidates for the unfilled spots and to avoid commitments to those whom the management thinks will not work well. The best qualified individuals from the pool find their place whose qualifications match the job specifications. What is the Selection Process in Human Resource Management? Selection process depends upon the · Size of the company · Nature of the business · Kind and Number of persons to be employed · Government regulations to be followed etc. The process includes 1. Collection of data about the candidate’s qualification 2. Experience 3. Physical and mental ability 4. Nature and Behavior 5. Aptitude and the like Resume, Job Interview and Salary Negotiations – All in One Steps in Scientific Selection Process: A. Job Analysis: This is the basic step for finding the right candidate and each organization should lay down job analysis, job description and job specification with clarity in order to lure the right candidates for selection. B. Recruitment: Process of searching for prospective employees and stimulating them to apply for jobs in the organization. C. Application Form: This is also known as the application blank. This facilitates collecting detailed information from the prospective employees regarding their age, gender, family details, qualification, skills, experience, achievements etc. This is widely used to screen employees at the preliminary level. D. Written Examinations: are conducted to gauge the · Mathematical ability · Aptitude · Reasoning · Knowledge in various disciplines · General Knowledge and · English language abilities of the candidates. E. Preliminary Interview: This is suitable to eliminate the undesirable and unsuitable candidates and also to gather personal information from the candidates on a one to one basis. F. Group Discussion: Group discussions help the management to pick out bright candidates from among the group members and also the ability of each individual to adjust to the group. Each group is expected to analyze, interpret and find alternate solutions and select the best solution for a particular case study or subject matter. G. Tests: To further assess the skills of the employees the management conducts different kinds of tests. H. Final Interview: This is the most essential step in the process of selection. The interviewer matches the information obtained about the candidate through the application with that of his own observation and questioning. · Informal · Formal · Planned · Patterned · Non-Directive · Depth · Stress · Group and · Panel interviews are some of the types of interviews conducted in accordance with the job requirement. Also See: Interview Preparation Tips I. Medical Examination: Certain jobs require certain physical qualities like clear vision, perfect hearing, unusual stamina, tolerance of hard working conditions, clear tone etc. J. Reference Checks: The personnel department will engage in checking reference if the candidate passes all the tests and found suitable for the job. What kind of Companies the Employees are Attracted to – Here is an interesting infographic on “How to Attract the Perfect...
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Budget Planning

Budget Planning
Budget Planning Quantification of Objectives in the form of Budgets Effective and efficient management of a business enterprise is facilitated, when a firm charts its course of action in advance. The management function also includes decision-making supported by various managerial techniques and tools that integrate the activities of the employees of the organization. One such systematic approach to profit planning is budgeting. The prime concern of budgeting is to make profits by regulating the flow of funds and allocating the controlling function to various responsibility centers. Don’t know how to start budgeting? Do you need to know how to make a budget ? This infographic will provide personal budget categories you can use to help you categorize expenses for budgeting purpose. This may or will save you time, money, and effort. What is a Budget? A budget is a comprehensive and coordinated financial plan, charted for a specific period of time in the future, but well in advance. It facilitates to compare the actuals with the standards established and review or revise the plans accordingly in case of any deviations or variances. A budget is a plan that is concerned not only about the resources of a firm, but also its operations. It involves the control and manipulation of relevant variables-controllable and non-controllable, and reduces the impact of uncertainty. Economic Constraints in Developing Countries The global economy has its imposing influence on the budget of developing countries, where it is always a deficit budget, the countries finding it difficult to allocate the meager resources available among the different sectors of economy competing for the same. Problems of unemployment, inflation and crude oil prices touching a dangerous high, these countries can offer only piecemeal measures to sustain the momentum of economic growth. Master Budget Talking about organizations going for the master budget at the start of the year, comprise budgets for various segments of the enterprise. The budget for a segment or department will not have much significance unless it is a part of the total budget-the master budget. If the budgets for various segments are not prepared jointly and in harmony with each other, the master budget will lose much of its importance and may even prove to be harmful in realizing the firm’s expectations. A budget is always expressed in financial terms, either in rupees, dollars or pounds, for operational purposes. Say, in a production budget, you talk about units of raw material and finished product. In a labor budget, you talk about men and labor hours. So there must be a common denominator, which can express all these variable quantities in a common language for the comprehensive budget to be meaningful. This purpose is solved by money, which undoubtedly serves as the common denominator. Budget Mechanism A budget is a mechanism to plan for the firm’s operations and activities. It allocates resources as well as responsibilities to different operational centers like, revenue, cost, profit and investment centres. Time dimension must also be added to a budget. For example, a production target of ten thousand units or a profit target of ten million dollars has no meaning unless and until it is related to a specific time period, in which these targets have to be met. A firm may have its long-range and broad objectives, such as maximum sales, maximum profits, customer satisfaction, social responsibilities, etc., But, to achieve these qualitative objectives, a firm has to quantify the same in the form of short-term objectives or goals with a time period precisely specified. A budget is basically a control technique which also facilitates to measure the performance of individuals on the basis of which, corrective action can be...
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