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How to Calculate Gross Profit

How to Calculate Gross Profit
Gross Profit  It is a required income statement entry that indicates total revenue minus cost of goods sold. It is the company’s profit before operating expenses, interest payment and taxes. It is also known as GROSS MARGIN. The gross profit on a product is computed as: Net Sales – Cost of Goods Sold (COGS) This concept is well understood if you are able to clearly distinguish between variable and fixed costs. VARIABLE COSTS: Materials used Direct labor Packaging Freight Plant supervisor salaries Utilities for a plant or a warehouse Depreciation expense on production equipment Machinery  FIXED COSTS: Fixed costs generally are more static in nature. They include: Office expenses such as supplies, utilities, a telephone for the office, etc. Salaries and wages of office staff, salespeople, officers and owners Payroll taxes and employee benefits Advertising, promotional and other sales expenses Insurance Auto expenses for salespeople Professional fees Rent  Variable expenses are logged as cost of goods sold. Fixed expenses are counted as operating expenses (sometimes called selling and general administrative expenses). While gross profit is a monetary entity, the margin is expressed as a percentage. It’s equally significant to track since it allows you to keep an eye on profitability trends. Gross Profit Ratio = Gross Profit / Net Sales The gross profit margin is computed as follows: When the ratio is expressed in percentage form, it is known as gross profit margin or percentage. Gross Profit / Net Sales *100 = Gross Profit Margin It is equal to the net sales minus cost of goods sold and net sales are equal to total gross sales less return inwards and discount allowed. Benefits of calculating gross profit: This ratio determines how efficiently the management utilizes labor and raw materials A company uses its gross income to fund activities such as research and development, marketing etc., which are vital for generating future sales. A prolonged decline in this margin is a cleat-cut indication of sales drop-down and ultimately earnings. Trends in this margin reflect basic pricing decisions and material costs of a company. This profit margin is an accounting measure designed to estimate the financial health of a business or industry. It may be noted that generating a profit margin alone cannot vouch for the financial health of a firm; rather the business must have sufficient cash flow in order to pay its bills and compensate employees. An entrepreneur might compare the return that would be available from a bank or another low-risk investment opportunity to that of his EXISTING profit-margin to gauge whether his startup is doing well. → Profitability...
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Video on Talent Acquisition and Compensation

Video on Talent Acquisition and Compensation
Talent Acquisition and Compensation Benefits A lecture on Talent Acquisition and Compensation by Dr. Armin Trost   Human Resource Management Lecture – Talent Acquisition What does the traditional approach in recruiting look like? How is a company able to position and present itself as an attractive place to work through building an employer brand? Which active search strategies help companies to find and approach passive candidates? How can companies retain promising and talented candidates? You Don’t Create Your Employment Brand, Your Candidates And Employees Do” – @ChiHeadhunter Talent hits a target no one else can hit; genius hits a target no one else can see. – Arthur Schopenhauer The following video lecture by Dr. Armin Trost clearly indicates his knowledge and experience on the subject. Visit this link to know more about this HR Expert- Armin Trost Human Resource Management Lecture – Candidate Selection During a company’s recruiting process how are the most suitable candidates selected and which risks need to be controlled? How can a company determine a candidate’s future performance? Which selection criteria are typically used? What are the most commonly used selection methods? Whenever you are asked if you can do a job, tell ‘em: ‘Certainly I can!’ Then get busy and find out how to do it. – Theodore Roosevelt Find out what you like doing best and get someone to pay you for doing it. – Katherine Whitehorn   Human Resource Management Lecture – Compensation and Benefits What is equity? Which components make up total reward and based on which factors are these components determined? How does fixed and variable pay work in practice? What are benefits and why are they there? Under which conditions does money impact motivation for performance? Strive not to be a success, but rather to be of value. – Albert Einstein The mind is everything. What you think you become.   – Buddha   Related Videos:  HRM Video 1 HRM Video...
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Objectives of Financial Management

Objectives of Financial Management
OBJECTIVES OF FINANCIAL #management Before looking into the two main objectives of finance management, let us look at the lighter side of money. Some hilarious quotes that will make your day: “Money is like a sixth sense – and you can’t make use of the other five without it.” – William Somerset Maugham “The safest way to double your money is to fold it over and put it in your pocket.” – Kin Hubbard “Money is the best deodorant.” – Elizabeth Taylor “If you think nobody cares if you’re alive, try missing a couple of car payments.” – Earl Wilson “Inflation is when you pay fifteen dollars for the ten-dollar haircut you used to get for five dollars when you had hair.“ ~Sam Ewing “Too many people spend money they haven’t earned, to buy things they don’t want, to impress people they don’t like.” – Will Smith  “There’s a way of transferring funds that is even faster than electronic banking. It’s called marriage.” — James Holt McGavran Objectives of Financial Management may be broadly divided into two parts such as: 1. #Profit maximization 2. #Wealth maximization. Profit Maximization The main purpose of any kind of economic activity is earning profit. A business concern operates mainly for the purpose of making profit. Profit has become the yardstick to measure the business efficiency of a concern. Profit maximization is also the out-moded and narrow approach, which aims at, maximizing the profit of the concern. Profit maximization consists of the following important features. Favorable Arguments for Profit Maximization:  The following important points are in support of the profit maximization objectives of the business concern: Main aim is earning profit. Profit is the parameter of the business operation. Profit reduces risk of the business concern. Profit is the main source of finance. ##profitability meets the #social needs also. Unfavorable Arguments for Profit Maximization:  The following important points are against the objectives of profit maximization: Profit maximization leads to exploiting workers and consumers. Profit maximization may lead to unethical practices, unfair trade practice, etc. Profit maximization objectives leads to inequalities among the #stake holders such as #customers, #suppliers, #public #shareholders, etc.  Drawbacks of Profit Maximization:  Profit maximization objective consists of certain drawbacks also: It is vague: Profit is not defined precisely or correctly. It ignores the #time value of money: Profit maximization does not consider the time value of money or the net present value of the cash inflow. It leads to certain differences between the actual cash inflow and net present cash flow during a particular period. It ignores risk: Profit maximization does not consider risk of the business concern. Risks may be internal or external which will affect the overall operation of the business concern.  Wealth Maximization Wealth maximization is one of the modern approaches, which involves latest innovations and improvements in the field of the business concern. The term wealth means shareholder wealth or the wealth of the persons those who are involved in the business concern. Wealth maximization is also known as value maximization or net present worth maximization. This objective is a universally accepted concept in the field of business. Favorable Arguments for Wealth Maximization: Wealth maximization is superior to the profit maximization because the main aim of the business concern under this concept is to improve the value or wealth of the shareholders. Wealth maximization considers the comparison of the value to cost associated with the business concern. Total value detected from the total cost incurred for the business operation. It provides exact value of the business concern. Wealth maximization considers both time and risk of the business concern. Wealth maximization provides efficient distribution of resources. It ensures...
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Startup Success Secret 3

Startup Success Secret 3
Startup Success Secret – Know your weaknesses “Don’t be a lone wolf. Lean on the experience and smarts of your teammates, investors, and mentors to help solve the tough problems and take advantage of the opportunities – SETH BANNON, Amicus First-time entrepreneurs are often oblivious to their own weak spots. Getting to know your strengths and weaknesses is easier said than done. Self-assess yourself by making a simple list of every business skill you think you possess. Then, add other skills that you think make a good leader/business owner. Add any additional questions you think would be helpful. Take stock of the lacunae in your skillsets, and rank which positions you need to hire first. “Know your core competencies and focus on being great at them. Pay up for people in your core competencies. Get the best. Outside the core competencies, hire people that fit your culture but aren’t as expensive to pay.”  – Mark Cuban If you want your business to be successful, challenge yourself, be honest with yourself, surround yourself with talent, and watch success find you. As you reflect back on the evolution of your business, it will be clear to you  that you would not have gotten to this point had you  not identified your strengths and weaknesses, looking to fill your weaknesses with external talent. Example SWOT: A start-up small consultancy business might carry out the following SWOT analysis SWOT Analysis Why use SWOT Analysis? SWOT Analysis is a very effective way of identifying your Strengths and Weaknesses, and of examining the Opportunities and Threats you face. Carrying out an analysis using the SWOT framework helps you to focus your activities into areas where you are strong and where the greatest opportunities lie. Strengths: Being able to respond very quickly due to lack of bureaucracy and red tape, no need for higher management approval, etc. Being able to provide hundred percent good customer care and satisfaction Strong reputation within the market Being able to adapt to the changing market quickly Little overhead, so can offer good value to customers Weaknesses: The company has no market presence or reputation Has a small staff with a weak skill base in many areas Vulnerable to vital staff attrition Cash flow will be unreliable in the early stages Opportunities: Business sector HAS SCOPE FOR EXPANSION , with many future opportunities for success Local community wants to encourage local businesses as it provides work opportunities to the people of that community Competitors may be slow to adopt new technologies Threats: Will developments in technology change this market beyond our ability to adapt? A small change in focus of a large competitor might wipe out any market position we achieve Courtesy: http://www.writing.ucsb.edu/...
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Successful Startup Secret-1

Successful Startup Secret-1
Successful Startup Secret – Choose an idea you think is important Entrepreneurs often ask, “How do you pick an idea for a business?” and the question is difficult to answer. It all depends on your expertise, experience, financial strength, industry knowledge and of course a great team to back you up. A good place to start is with the people you surround yourself with. A great idea is undoubtedly the catalyst to set things in motion, but at the end of the day, it’s the team you hire who ultimately determine the success, or failure, of the company. There’s no precise or familiar formula, but the following five open secrets will help you in discovering that perfect magic to achieve your goals (to be discussed in five sessions). The first secret being,     Choose an idea you think is important – It is Your Brainchild “Ideas are considered generally bad for two very different reasons: (1) so uncommon no one gets it or (2) so common, seems redundant. -Zaid Farooqui An idea for a new startup is like naming your baby. Suggestions pour from all quarters and the fun part is you are not going to like any one of those. Ultimately an entrepreneur would like to give life to his very own idea which may come as a boom at the grocery store, in the shower, or even during sleep. There is no better form of motivation than having a sense that you are investing your mind, soul and energy into something vital, and that never ending passion to become successful in your endeavor. Once you’ve done that, ask your friends and family, too. Getting as much input as possible is the first step to making a good decision. 1. Does your customer exist? 2. Will your business idea still be relevant in a few years? 3. Do you really want to run this business? 4. Who is your competition (and does it matter)? Pic Courtesy: Inacademy.eu   You need mammoth strength, I’m talking about your will power to start and run the show, for which you need to believe in yourself completely. This is the first step, “Believing in yourself”, the rest follows automatically. This self-belief comes when you possess the right business proposition for the right target segment with a clear business plan. Startup Business Plan For a Restaurant   Here I have listed some of the enterprising startup ideas that have shown growth in 2014 and seem to be lucrative in the years to come:  Online store – Requirements: A good product or service, a reliable and authentic payment gateway, a easily navigable website and a large market. Personal Training – Requirements: Expertise and Knowledge on nutrition and exercises, a facebook page, a skype account or Google hang-out to build followers, a subscription payment gateway through Paypal or other similar bank accounts. Photography– Requirements: A state of the art camera, a great portfolio of your pictures, a creative facebook page or pinterest board to promote yourself. Online Teaching– Requirements: Expertise in the concerned subject, member in a popular teaching platform or your own website, an LMS software, skype account. HR Recruitment– Requirements: Huge contacts in the industry, a reliable partner, a good website with testimonials, understanding client requirements and satisfying by supplying appropriate talent. These ideas suit people with minimum investment in mind, but if executed properly you can establish yourself nicely in a span of two years and then there is no looking...
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