Posted by Managementguru in Glossary, Strategy
on Mar 5th, 2015 | 0 comments
The following is a list of “Key Terms of #Strategic Management” which find their use often when trying to explain the concepts. #Mission An important undertaking that an organization believes it is its duty to do. A specific task or duty assigned to a person or group of people. Missions tend to be long-term and laid out in broad terms, without attempts being made to quantify them precisely. #MISSION STATEMENT Mission statement An open statement of the aims and #objectives of a business or an organization – providing employees with an indication of what they are attempting to achieve through their collective deeds. Mission statements are intended to give substance to the perceived purposes of the organization. Vision Statement A Vision Statement defines what your business will do and why it will exist tomorrow and it has defined #goals to be accomplished by a set date. A Vision Statement takes into account the current status of the organization, and serves to point the direction of where the organization wishes to go. Objective Something which an organization intends to do or achieve; a result that the organization intends to make happen. Long-term or short-term objective, which you hope to achieve within a few years or a few months. Objectives and aims tend to be medium-term and more specific in terms of what is intended to be achieved. SMART OBJECTIVES #Strategy A #plan of future action, usually long-term, in the pursuit of objectives. (e.g.) business strategy; company strategy; financial strategy. The formulation of long-term plans and policies by a firm which inter-connects its various production and marketing activities in order to achieve its business objectives. STRATEGY GENERATION #Aim A result that an organization’s plans or actions are intended to achieve. (e.g.) To try to do something: we aim to be No. 1 in the market in three years’ time. Goal An organization’s aim, objective or purpose. Goals and targets tend to be medium-term or short-term and may be expressed in terms of specific levels of achievements and tend to involve more specific quantification and deadlines. (e.g.) our goal is to break even within twelve months. GOALS VS. OBJECTIVES #Target A level or situation which an organization intends to achieve or aim at. An object or area aimed at the object of an attack or takeover bid. A fixed goal or objective, etc. #Tactics The plans followed to achieve a particular short-term aim. (a) The science and art of disposing and maneuvering forces in combat. (b) The art or skill of employing available means to accomplish an end. (c) A system or mode of procedure TACTICS OR STRATEGY? Plan A set of decisions about how an organization intends to do something, or to ensure that an event or result should happen in the future. Organized way of doing something: contingency plan, government’s economic plans. Plans tend to be quite specific (the shorter-term they are, the more specific they tend to be) and are usually quantified in some detail. They will, in order to ensure that they are complied with, lay out specific deadlines for each key stage. They may also involve the consideration or analysis of priorities and constraints. STRATEGIC PLANNING #Budget A #financial plan, which may be short-term or longer-term, showing probable (planned) #income and #expenditure. Budgets tend to be expressed mainly in monetary terms, although they may focus on the amounts of physical resources (materials, labor time) required. An estimate of income and expenditure for a future period, as opposed to an account, which records financial transactions after the event. BUDGET...
Posted by Managementguru in Business Management, Change management, Decision Making, Entrepreneurship, Human Resource, Leadership, Motivation
on Oct 1st, 2014 | 0 comments
Helpful Tips for Young leaders Here’s a random list of practical advice for young leaders. If you can learn and practice these early in your career, it will help you avoid having to learn them by experience. Delegate, Trust People down the line and Take Advice: While a young business leader may have a flair for leading from the front, one should realize that limited experience is a limiting factor. People are far more likely to take a manager seriously only if he or she listens to and heeds advice. When you act as the sole proprietor of making decisions in your company, people working for you start losing faith in you. It creates what is called “NEGATIVE VIBES” which is not at all good for the overall development of an organization. It is a good practice to communicate and consult with your immediate sub-ordinates before going for big decisions. Learn to let go of control. It is but appropriate to include employees in decision making and you shall be definitely rewarded with more workable strategies. Set an Example: At the same time, one of the most effectual ways to display ability is to lead by example and work hard. A leader must be prepared to shoulder a fair share of the work-load and the #involvement and #commitment he exhibits is undoubtedly infectious and projects him a great team player. The most effective way to earn respect is to lead from the front and help others succeed. Be wary about your conduct, behavior and actions and deeply aware of how it may influence others. Show #conviction: A leader has to have conviction in his/her decisions. If the young manager has done proper ground work and research, then the decision may well be the right one and he/she might be able to stand by and justify the decisions made even when challenged by experienced people. I thoroughly go with this viewpoint “A ‘No‘ uttered from the deepest conviction is better than a ‘Yes‘ merely uttered to please, or worse, to avoid trouble.” Mahatma Gandhi A leader should learn to say ‘NO’ at the right time as indecisiveness is one of history’s greatest leadership killers. Top 25 Leadership Quotes Keep Your Cool in Crisis: Part of being a successful leader is how you handle pressure. In the dynamic business environment you may have to face more challenging and stressful situations and your employees’ judge you based on how you treat such pressure. If you are a man who can see things from the right perspective embracing rationale, your team members will feel reassured by your cool composure, which will in turn develop their trust and confidence in the leader. Manage expectations: Have you ever given a thought about what employees’ expect in you? Communication is a natural gift for leaders and you may very well notice that great leaders are excellent communicators. Here, communication isn’t just talking but a one-on-one, heart-to-heart talk as you would with your close family members. By opening the lines of communication and being accessible, a leader can build a team with people who understand the ##goals and #objectives with ultimate clarity. Present Yourself with Dignity: In Tamil language, there is an age old proverb, “Aal Paadhi Aadai Paadhi”, meaning “#Good Looks Make the Work Easy”. In this modern world, a professional look is mandatory to signify your culture and #personality. A professional, well-dressed businessperson, gives the impression that he thinks that the workplace and the people there are important.” Marilyn Monroe once rightly said “I don’t mind making jokes, but I don’t want to look like...
Posted by Managementguru in Business Management, Decision Making, Principles of Management, Project Management, Strategy
on Jul 31st, 2014 | 0 comments
A goal has the word ‘go’ in it. Your goals should go forward in an unambiguous direction. However, goals are more about everything you accomplish on your journey, rather than getting to that distant point. Goals will often go into undiscovered territory and you therefore can’t even know where the end will be.
Posted by Managementguru in Business Management, Decision Making, Marketing, Strategy
on Jul 12th, 2014 | 1 comment
Stability strategy in management The Concept: A stable strategy arises out of a basic perception by the management that the firm should concentrate on using its present resources for developing its competitive strength in particular market areas. In simple words, stability strategy refers to the company’s policy of continuing the same business and with the same objectives. When a product is well accepted and has a brand value in the market, the company would want to expand its market base in that particular product segment to win over its competitors. For example, ‘Old Cinthol’ from godrej, continues to be the trusted choice of most customers and one of the top most brands in soaps. Especially in rural areas, people prefer Cinthol which comes in different sizes in lieu of customer preference. Panneer Soda manufactured by Kalimark, a soft drink available only in southern parts of Tamilnadu is again a long-standing brand preferred by customers belonging to middle class and lower middle class. This indigenous brand is a direct competitor for coke and pepsi, the soft drink giants in the industry. The same applies to “BOVONTO” again a kalimark product whose growth terrorised giants in the likes of COKE and PEPSI. It is said that some of the multi-national companies tried to crush this small but indigenous and successful company by buying all the glass bottles used for bottling the drink from small retailers. All done by paying high price for old bottles and breaking them so that those bottles were not available for the kalimark manufacturers. Putting up a brave fight, Kalimark has introduced pet bottles (plastic containers) and for managing the dearth of containers they have erected a bottling plant also. Recently Kalimark group has reinvented itself with modern technology for production. The shape of Bovonto pet bottle was redesigned and production was increased. BUY “TOP 50 STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT QUOTES” Related Posts: TURNAROUND STRATEGY STRATEGY EVALUATION TACTICS OR STRATEGY The Need for Stability Strategy: It continues to serve the customers in the same product or service, market and functional sectors. Its main strategic decisions `focus on incremental improvement of functional performance.’ The focus is on maintaining and developing competitive advantages consistent with the present resources and market requirements. Say, if your business is doing well and you are able to factorize the economies of scale with a fairly decent profit, you would not want to go for expansion in the immediate future; instead you would go for, sustenance Competitor management and Market share Maintenance Man has an inbuilt fear of change and only very few take that extra step to rage forward by being risk-aversive. Stability strategy suits medium-sized growing firms which have to first get well established in the market and wait for the right time to invest and divest. Companies do not go beyond what they are presently doing; they serve the same market with the present products using the existing technology. The essence of stability strategy is, therefore, not doing anything but sustaining a moderate growth in line with the existing trends. Advantages of Stability Strategy: The firm is successfully run and the objectives are achieved and there is satisfactory performance. Therefore, the management may want to continue with the same activities. A stability strategy is less risky. Unless the conditions are really bad, a firm need not take any additional risks. The management doesn’t foresee any change in the environment or opportunity in the market or any threat. When pursuing this strategy, there is no disruption in routine work. The down side of this strategy may be “setting of boredom” where you tend to do routine stuff, but the brighter side is the continuous positive...
Posted by Managementguru in Business Management, Decision Making, Marketing, Strategy
on Jul 7th, 2014 | 0 comments
What is Portfolio Analysis ? Portfolio Planning is best advised for diversified companies than the more product coherent ones. Portfolio analysis plays a vital role in planning and implementation of various #strategic business units of the organization as a whole. Portfolio planning recognizes that diversified companies are a collection of businesses, each of which makes a distinct contribution to the overall corporate performance and which should be managed accordingly. Companies dealing with a wide #product range and divisions are expected to redefine their strategies for each of the SBU’s or Strategic Business Units. Then they classify these units on a portfolio grid according to the competitive position and attractiveness of a particular product market. What are strategic business units? A strategic business unit is a fully functional and discrete unit of the business that builds its own strategic vision and direction. Within large companies there are smaller specialized divisions that work towards specific projects and #objectives. The strategic business unit, often referred to as an SBU, remains an important element of the company and is accountable to their head office about their operational status. Typically they will operate as an independent organization with a specific focus on target markets and are large enough to maintain internal divisions such as finance, HR, and so forth. Types of Portfolio Planning: Analytical Planning: Planning is only at the initial level where traditional administrative tools are used. Process Planning: Here planning is a central part of the ongoing #management process and strategic mission is explicit in activities. Advantages of Portfolio Planning: It promotes substantial improvement in the quality of strategies formulated both at the business and corporate levels. It provides a guideline for adopting their overall management process to the needs of each business. It provides selective #resource allocation to the various SBUs. It furnishes companies with a greatly improved capacity for strategic control when portfolio planning is applied intelligently and with attention to its limitations and problems. Since the road to portfolio planning is a long one, companies often face difficulties trying to implement it and cannot realize the full potential of the approach. In implementing portfolio planning, there is a tendency for the focus to be shifted towards #capital investment rather than resource allocation. #Resource Development is the key: Implementing Corporate Level and Business Level Strategies: Corporate level #strategy is concerned with the strategic decisions a business makes that affect the entire organization. Financial performance, mergers and acquisitions, #human resource management and the allocation of resources are considered part of corporate level strategy. Business level strategy focuses on how to compete in a particular product/market segment or industry. Competitive advantages and distinctive competencies thus become dominant strategic concerns at this level. At the functional level, the primary focus of strategy is efficiency. Boston Consulting Group Matrix: The business policy portfolio models are most popular and useful to understand the firm’s strategic concerns and choices. They define the firm’s scope or domain by highlighting the inter-relatedness of the diverse factors, such as: #Market Growth #Market Share Cash and Cash flow patterns Capital Intensity #Product Maturity #Stars – Star category represents high growth and high market share – High investments are needed to maintain the share – High cash flow outward movement in this category to maintain status – Usually in the end of the ‘Growth’ #Product Life Cycle stage – Represents emerging and good business for the company, though they need alot of attention and priority #Cash Cows – Represents low growth, high market share – This is the best quadrant of the portfolio as the company basically enjoy the ‘milk’ of success – This is where the revenue stream flows inwards...