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Why is Depreciation Charged on Assets

Why is Depreciation Charged on Assets
What is meant by Depreciation? Depreciation means reduction in the value of a fixed asset used in the business due to #wear and tear and effluxion of time. #Internal and External Causes of depreciation: i. Wear and tear: Caused mainly due to constant use, erosion, rust etc. ii. #Efflux of time: Mere passage of time will cause a fall in the value of an asset, even if it is not used. iii. #Obsolescence: A new invention or change in fashion or a permanent change in demand may render the asset useless. iv. #Depletion: When raw materials or natural resources like mines, quarries and oil wells are extracted continuously, they deplete. v. #Accident: An asset may reduce in value because of meeting with an accident, like fire accidents. vi. Fall in the market price. What is the necessity for providing depreciation? According to International #Accounting Standard Committee (IASC) “Depreciation is the allocation of the depreciable amount of an asset over its estimated useful life. Depreciation for the accounting period is charged to income either directly or indirectly.” The #need for depreciation arises because of the following reasons: To ascertain the true profit of the business for a particular period To show the asset at its true value in the balance sheet To provide funds for replacement of the old asset with a new one Objectives of providing depreciation: To recover the cost incurred on fixed assets over its life To facilitate the purchase of new asset, when the old asset is disposed To find out the correct profit or loss for the particular period To find out correct financial position through balance sheet Factors to be considered while determining the amount of depreciation: I. The total cost of the asset including all #freight, #insurance and installation charges II. The estimated residual or scrap value at the end of its life III. Estimated number of years of its usefulness The term depreciation is concerned with charging the cost of fixed assets to operations. But the term depletion refers to the cost allocation for natural resources, whereas the term amortization relates cost allocation for intangible assets. What are the various methods for depreciation? Fixed installment or Straight line or Original cost method. Diminishing Balance Method or Written down value method or Reducing Installment method. Annuity Method. Depreciation fund method or #Sinking fund amortization fund method. Insurance policy method. Revaluation method. Sum of the year’s digits method (SYD). Double declining balance method. Depletion method.  Related Posts : How to Manage Working Capital? Short Term...
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International Trade and Finance

International Trade and Finance
International Trade and Finance What is Trade? Trade is the exchange of commodity and services. International trade represents business transactions taking place at the global level, and it is fundamentally different from domestic trade. Trade at international level demands huge investments, network of franchisees and proficient people to run the show. Many corporate giants are trying to capture Asian markets, especially Indian market, which has become the industrial hub for such economic activities. Economic liberalization has been the focus of many developing countries for the past two decades and this has allowed multinational companies with huge investment potential to enrich the weaker economies. What is International Trade? International trade tries to generate more foreign exchange, which is always good for the economy. Say, if a country has rich resources of petroleum, naturally it will try to sell the surplus to countries not endowed with such natural resources. Because of #demonetisation move, the focus is all the more high on #digital payments as the way forward. https://t.co/V80587CvS4 — EconomicTimes (@EconomicTimes) November 27, 2016 That is why Middle East nations are prosperous and economically independent. The diversity in productive possibilities in different countries is due to the presence of limited natural resources. When a country gets a head start in a particular product, it can become the high volume, low cost producer. The economies of scale give it a significant advantage over other countries, which find it cheaper to buy from the leading producers than to manufacture the product themselves. Barriers for Effective Trade: Every nation must try to specialize in the production and export of those commodities, which are available in plenty and must import such products in the production of which they have a resource deficiency. It should be remembered that there are severe man made barriers in international trade such as, export duties, quotas, exchange restrictions etc.,that hinder the free movement of products. UPI to create a boom in cashless economy. Giving way to the revolution of Digital Payments. Go Cashless Go Digital pic.twitter.com/0ODTrJbSqP — Ravi Shankar Prasad (@rsprasad) November 27, 2016 Nevertheless, it is not also possible for a country to produce domestically every kind of product. In spite of all these restraining factors, global trade is thriving, thanks to the advanced technological aspects introduced in communication and faster means of transportation. Distance is no more a constraint and the world has become one small global village. Foreign Exchange Issues: All domestic transactions, say in a country like India take place in rupees, which is the legal tender in the country. However, in its trade with other countries like USA, Germany, Japan, France and Britain, the payments have to be made in terms of dollars, marks, yens, francs and pound sterling respectively. #Rupee hits record low of 68.86 against dollar – Click to see also ☛ https://t.co/r0M91S8Du8 … #rupeeVSdollar pic.twitter.com/gufuzwlDp3 — Newser.in (@newserindia) November 25, 2016 The mechanism through which payments are effected between two countries having different currency systems is called foreign exchange. It may be also defined as the exchange of money or credit in one country for money or credit in another. Foreign exchange rates can affect relative prices and net exports. A rise in the a nation’s foreign exchange will depress that nation’s net exports and output, while a fall in the foreign exchange rate will increase net exports and output. Because of the significant impact of exchange rates on national economies, countries have entered into agreements on international monetary...
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