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Management vs. Financial Accounting

Management vs. Financial Accounting
Management Vs. Financial Accounting Management Accounting : The process of preparing management reports and accounts that provides accurate and timely financial and statistical information to the management Financial Accounting : The purpose of accounting is to provide the information that is needed for sound economic decision making concerned with classifying, measuring and recording the transactions of a business. What is Management Accounting: Management accounting is the updated version of what you call financial accounting and the most circulated term in corporate business arena. Management involves planning, organizing, staffing, leading and controlling the resources available in an organization, namely the physical and human resources. Much importance is given to personnel management as they are the priceless assets of any organisation.But it is equally important for a firm to record all its business transactions for future reference and tax audits. Thus the necessity of accounting comes into the fray. Financial Statements Made Easy Functional Difference: Well, accounting means something to do with finance. So, what is the big difference, if it is financial or management accounting? One difference is in the title, and the other in their function. The rationale behind financial accounting is statutory, done for the benefit of shareholders, customers, government regulatory agencies, other external agencies, potential investors and the like. It records all business transactions that are purely monetary in nature and no further analysis is done. Essential for Management Planning: Management accounting is voluntary and reports are prepared to meet the internal needs of management. We talked about planning, for which interpretation and analysis of such quantitative data and other inputs becomes necessary to plan for future needs of management. The main functions being attention direction and problem solving, management accounting is primarily concerned with providing information relating to the various aspects of a business, like cost or profit associated with some portions of business operations. It employs techniques such as standard costing, budgeting, marginal costing, break- even analysis and so on., Inputs also stem from industry data, competitor data, published reports by public and private agencies and research studies findings, thus widening its scope for improvement in business operations. Financial Accounting: Financial accounting is restricted to deal only with “generally accepted accounting principles” and any deviation is considered to be errors for correction. Though it provides valid and authentic information, it lacks timeliness. The former restricts the accountant to a mere book-keeper while the latter transcends the role of the accountant to that of total business information technologist. Here he becomes an evaluator of different functional areas like marketing, production, purchase and personnel. As modern business is huge in size, complex, diversified and decentralized in terms of operations, financial accounting just does not fill the bill, as information is required as when an event happens at various hierarchical levels of an organisation. This infographic from Goodaccountants.com  details the industries that employ the most accountants and auditors, and the results are very interesting!  Management accounting is inter disciplinary in character and derives inspiration from organizational theory, economics, behavioral sciences, statistics and management. Although the paraphernalia required for management reporting is complex and expensive, it is worth the try, as it tries to compare and contrast the actuals with the standards and bring out variances if any. This is quite useful in determining the cost-effectiveness of a particular project or to be prepared for suitable action. Management accounting is nothing but a management information system where the managers have to be techno-savvy in order to handle the total information resource and project it suitably to the management to take timely actions for the increase in growth, profit and sustainability of the...
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Advantages and Limitations of Management Accounting

Advantages and Limitations of Management Accounting
Following are the advantages and limitations of management accounting: Advantages of Management Accounting It helps to increase the efficiency of all functions of management It helps in target-fixing, decision-making, price-fixing, selection of product-mix and so on Forecasting and Budgeting help the concern to plan the future and financial activities Various tools and techniques provide reliability and authenticity to carry out the business functions It is useful in controlling wastage and defects It helps in complete communication between all levels of management It helps in controlling the cost of production thus increasing the profit percentage It  is proactive-analyses the governmental policies and  socio-economic scenario which helps to assess the external environmental impacts on the organization   Introduction to bookkeeping and Accounting – Udemy Introduction to Bookkeeping and Accounting, Assets, liabilities, income, expenditure and the Accounting equation    Limitations of Management Accounting It is concerned with financial and cost accounting. If these records are not reliable, it will affect the effectiveness of management accounting. Decisions taken by the management accountant may or may not be executed by the management. It is very expensive. Only big concerns can adopt this method of accounting. New rules and regulations are to be framed, hence there is a possibility of opposition from the employees. It is only in the developing stage. It provides only data and not decisions. It is a tool to the management and not an alternative of management. UNDERSTANDING NET PRESENT VALUE AND IRR These are the advantages and limitations of management accounting. Characteristics of management accounting Following are the characteristic features of management accounting: First and foremost characteristic is that it provides the necessary information to the management. It might be any data- numbers, gross profit, net profit, comaparitive financial statements, profit and loss account etc., It is purely analytical The interpretations help the management in timely decision-making It adopts a selective technique to arrive at the results Helps to chart-out the future course of action Also helps to know the present financial condition of the firm and the respective implications on the stake holders. AN INTRODUCTION AND BROAD CLASSIFICATION OF RATIOS Various tools of management accounting: MARGINAL COSTING STANDARD COSTING BUDGETARY CONTROL RATIO ANALYSIS FUND FLOW ANALYSIS CASH FLOW ANALYSIS   Master your Managerial Accounting course n the MBA program I am a Professor of Accounting with over thirty-five years experience teaching accounting to college students, undergraduate and MBA university students as well as CMA candidates seeking to earn their Professional Certified Management Accountant Designation. I achieved my Certified Management Accountant Designation 40 years...
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