Roles of a HR Manager
MANAGERIAL ROLES BY HENRY MINTZBERG AND PETER DRUCKER
Henry Mintzberg, the canadian academic observed a few managers and analysed their behaviors and arrived at some conclusions which are listed in the table below. He also identified and attributed ten managerial roles of significance in correlation with the managerial functions.
|S.No||#management Functions||% of time spent|
|1.||Relating to external environment||1.8|
|2.||#planning and setting #objectives||19.5|
|5.||#leadership and inter-personal role||28.4|
This table very clearly explains the role of a manager as a #leader and the extent of influence he exerts on his sub-ordinates. Proper planning and goal-setting are the key contributors for the successful functioning of a firm.
Coming to the managerial roles, they can be classified as
1. Interpersonal roles
2. Informational roles
3. Decisional roles
Managing: Science or Art
One perspective is Managing, like all other disciplines- whether medicine, music composing or even cricket is an art. It is “know-how.” Still managers can use the organized #knowledge about management to perform better. So let us put it this way,
Managing as practice is an art; the organized knowledge underlying the practice may be referred to as a science. Let them be complementary to each other and be present in peaceful co-existence.
Drucker “ON MANAGERIAL FUNCTIONS ”-A manager has to look after
In his view, the areas a manager has to focus and concentrate are
1. Market standing
4. Financial and Physical resources
6. Manager performance and development
7. Worker performance and #attitude
8. Public responsibility
He says that business has only two functions- marketing and innovation. While others were concentrating on products and commodities, he concentrated on people and their performance. His “management by objectives- MBO ” became a very popular concept though it faced criticism. MBO according to Drucker is a philosophy that rests on a concept of human action, behaviour and motivation. It sets personal goals (both shortterm and longterm) to be achieved by each individual working for the organization and coverts them into challenges to be accomplished, thus motivating the individuals.
The Effective Manager
The effective manager is a situational manager who evaluates each approach in the light of circumstances and selects the one that most effectively and efficiently achieve individual and organizational goals –This perfectly explains the functions of a manager in a nutshell whereby,