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What do Managers do?

Smith et al. describe management as “Making Organizations perform”. Management is concerned with

  • Individuals who are delegated authority to manage others – Let me call them ‘People with Power’.
  • Activities for achieving goals – ‘Real Action Plans’.
  • A body of knowledge represented by theories and frameworks about people and organizations – ‘Policy Framework’.
Role of managers in developing HRM

Role of managers

What do managers do?

As we all know they are involved in general management functions like

  1. Forecasting
  2. Planning
  3. Organizing
  4. Motivating
  5. Co-ordinating
  6. Controlling

Are you aware of the ‘hidden’ dimensions of a manager’s job?

Modern management theories, although highlighting the complexity of the role, have yet to provide sufficient empirical research and advice into key areas that enable both managers and organizations to increase their effectiveness. For example

  • Dealing competently with organizational politics (“You can ignore it, but it won’t go away” – This is how surveyed employees said they viewed office politics)
  • Successfully managing change (Adaptability is about the powerful difference between adapting to cope and adapting to win)
  • Controlling ethical issues and demands (It takes 20 years to build a reputation and five minutes to ruin it. If you think about that, you’ll do things differently.)
  • Developing the role of  women managers (Women can be better managers than men because they tend to be more conservative and do their homework. Men tend to take more risk without the research)
  • Ensuring personal ‘survival’ and career success in organizations (A successful man is who lays a firm foundation with the bricks others throw at him.)
  • Safeguarding personal health in a stressful environment (Manage stress before it manages you).

effective management techniques

How to achieve a more comprehensive view of development?

  • Frameworks for setting, linking, and balancing individual and organizational objectives.
  • Systems for identifying and selecting managers
  • Structures to support, motivate and reward
  • Plans to enable career progression
  • Mechanisms to measure and evaluate performance.

HRM and Management Development

Human resource management as the name suggests is about the effective management of people in organizations.

  1. HRM involves the integration of people with business goals and strategies
  2. HRM views people as assets to be developed and utilized in a productive way rather than costs to be minimized or eliminated.
  3. The philosophies, ideologies, values and beliefs of management that operate and dominate within the organization have an impact on people management.
  4. The practices, policies and management styles that managers employ in their managerial role also align people’s behavior towards organizational goals.
  5. Senior managers determine the extent to which people are integrated into the organization’s strategic plans. They set the agenda and create the culture climate of prevailing values, attitudes and behavior.
  6. Middle and junior managers translate and ‘operationalize’ broader human resource strategies and policies. They give HRM its meaning and reality. It is their perfect management style and actual behavior that decided how the human resources is deployed and managed and thus what people experience as human resource management.
  7. The way managers themselves are managed and developed is a significant influencing factor in the way people are subsequently treated.