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On The Job Training Methods

On The Job Training Methods For Effective Employee Development

The method by which training is delivered often varies based on the needs of the company, the trainee, and on the task being performed.

The method should suit the audience, the content, the business environment, and the learning objective.

Ideally, the method chosen will motivate employees to learn, help employees prepare themselves for learning, enable the trainees to apply and practice what they’ve been taught, help trainees retain and transfer what they have learned, and integrate performance with other skills and knowledge.

 The basic objective of training is learning which brings about a radical change in the perspective of an individual preparing him for the task.

on the job training methods

On the Job Training:

This is the most common method of  training. The trainee is placed on the job and the manager or mentor demonstrates the trainee how to do the job.

To be successful, the training  should be done according to a structured programme that uses task lists, job breakdowns, and performance standards as a lesson plan.

On the job training methods for effective employee development

Common on the Job training methods include:-


Demonstration is very effective for basic skills training. The trainer shows trainees how to do something. The trainer may provide an opportunity for trainees to perform the task being demonstrated.


A panel provides several points of view on a topic to look for alternatives to a situation. Panel members may have differing views but they must also have objective concerns for the purpose of the training. This is an excellent method for using outside experts.


Projects require the trainees to do something on the job, which improves the business as well as helps them learn about the topic of training.

It might involve participation on a team, the creation of a database, or the forming of a new process.

Employees can voluntarily under-take some small projects that would better the performance of a system.

This would help the employee to become noticed and others ease of doing a particular thing and a source of inspiration. Say, Simplifying a database application by introducing a new software.


A mentor can tutor others in their learning. Mentors help employees solve problems both through training them in skills and through modeling effective attitudes and behaviors. This system is sometimes known as a buddy system.

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